EDS 111

Teaching Perspectives and Styles

ejournal 2 / module 1

Pratt outlined five distinct teaching perspectives that have slightly competing ideologies that justify how and why we teach. Each perspective has validity, strengths, and weaknesses and as teachers, we should be aware of how our beliefs and intentions impact our effectiveness in the classroom.  While studying, I identified teachers from pop culture who could represent each of these perspectives.

1. Transmission

The teacher is the all-knowing expert who must fill the learner with pertinent knowledge, using clear objectives and systematic tasks.  Ex: Yoda from Star Wars

2. Developmental

The teacher who builds meaning, reasoning, and problem solving skills in students using questioning, case studies, and examples. Encourages learner to think and answer independently.  Ex: Ms. Frizzle on the Magic School Bus

3. Apprenticeship

The teacher who builds competence and social identity (belonging to the group, profession) using relevant and authentic tasks to. Learner takes more responsibility and gains independence over time. *Scaffolding is key.  Ex: Shang in Mulan

4. Nurturing

The teacher who fosters learner’s self-concept through emphasis on student motivation, effort, and agency in learning. Teacher is both caring and challenging.  Ex: Miss Honey from Matilda

5. Social Reform

The teacher as a leader who advocates ideals to elicit social change and contribute to a better society.  Ex: Martin Luther King Jr.


Grasha elaborates on five teaching styles that manifest in the classroom and affect how information is presented, student-teacher interactions, classroom management, classroom climate, teacher supervision, and mentoring.  Unlike teaching perspectives, one teacher might employ all styles to varying degrees.  Teaching style can be modified depending on student capability, the teacher’s need to maintain and show control, and teacher willingness to build and maintain student relationships.

1. Expert – teacher as expert; focus on transmitting info

2. Formal authority – teacher as police officer; focus on conduct & the proper way to behave

3. Personal model – teacher as role model/example; focus on observation and practice

4. Facilitator – teacher as guide; focus on supporting and encouraging student on unique learning journey

5. Delegator – teacher as resource; focus on student autonomy and independence

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